In April of 2006 Randy S. Wymore, Ph.D. formerly of the Morgellons Research Foundation (MRF) asked this seemingly rhetorical question during an interview
“Does this identification mean anything? I do not know.”
Interestingly, there was never another word uttered about the identification and the question was just left hanging there as if asking the reader to unravel the question. Well, that is just what this blog post is about, answering the question as to whether his discovery means anything. So what is this identification? What does it mean? And where does it lead us? Stay with me on this journey, a journey that will cause even the most hardened skeptic to question his own thinking regarding the Morgellons mystery.
A Quote From the Interview by Dr. Wymore
Here is my research update that includes failures, dead-ends, unknowns and observations that will never be published, because no one in the research world would be interested. Some of what I am about to tell you has only been done once and until it is replicated is fairly meaningless in scientific circles. Yes, as I will discuss below, there has been DNA sequencing. No, it has not revealed the likely cause of Morgellons.
Individual red and blue Morgellons fibers were placed in bacterial media and cultured at body temperature. Isolates of those bacterial populations were grown on lab preparative media, blood agar, chocolate agar and a type of media that tends to support fungi better than bacteria. The bacteria were stained with various stains and observed both alive and dead. The bacteria were separated out into pure cultures (I think). PCR was performed and the amplified DNA was sent to a commercial sequencing lab to do the DNA sequencing. Two different bacterial species were identified.
a) Pseudomonas putida and
b) Corynebacterium efficiens.
Does this identification mean anything? I do not know. Both of these can cause infections, especially in immunocompromised individuals. Both of these bacterial types are found in soil and can be found in skin.
So there you see Dr. Wymore’s seemingly rhetorical question in a larger context, and that he cultured what could easily be overlooked, two types of soil bacterium were positively cultured from Morgellons fibers. One of them is of particular interest.
“Yes, Dr. Wymore, Pseudomonas Putida just might mean everything”
COLLEMBOLA FOUND IN SCRAPINGS FROM INDIVIDUALS DIAGNOSED WITH DELUSORY PARASITOSIS
Let’s go now to a clinical study that was done under the auspices of the National Pediculosis Association (NPA) and the Oklahoma State Department of Health. Here is the description.
Abstract – Twenty individuals diagnosed with delusory parasitosis (DOP) participated in a single site clinical study under the auspices of the National Pediculosis Association (NPA) and the Oklahoma State Department of Health. The objective of this study was to determine if there were any common factors in skin scrapings collected from this population. These individuals, whose symptoms were originally attributed to lice or scabies, were part of a larger group reporting symptoms of stinging/biting and/or crawling to the NPA. Multiple skin scrapings from each person were microscopically examined. Any and all fields of view that appeared incongruous to normal human skin were digitally photographed. When the photographic images were initially evaluated, no common factor was identified. However, more extensive scrutiny using imaging software revealed evidence of Collembola in 18 of the 20 participants.
Interestingly, these 20 individuals were written off as DOP which is the same label that is being applied to Morgellons patients. However, they were found to be infected with Collembola. But what are Collembola (commonly called Springtails) and what possible link could they have to the soil bacterium Pseudomonas Putida?
Microarthropod Folsomia Candida (Collembola) – See the Wikipedia Entry, basically, we are talking about a very, very tiny insect. Below is a photograph from the study showing one of the collembola.
Notice the image in the upper right corner, software contrasting tools were used to bring out the definition – click on the image for a much larger view. In sheer numbers, they are reputed to be one of the most abundant of all macroscopic animals, with estimates of 100,000 individuals per cubic meter of topsoil. Collembola or Springtails are cryptozoa frequently found in leaf litter and other decaying material, where they are primarily detritivores and microbivores, and one of the main biological agents responsible for the control and the dissemination of soil microorganisms.
Imagine what a couple of thousand of these guys must feel like crawling under your skin, biting, chewing, and tunneling around as they go. We know at least the folks in the Oklahoma Study were infested with them. Surely by now you must be asking “What in the world are are soil Microarthropod’s doing living in human beings? Even more unexplainable is that they prefer decaying leaf litter loaded with soil based microorganisms.
This is where our old friend Pseudomonas Putida the soil based bacterium comes into play
The Pseudomonas Putida – Collembola Connection
As it turns out, there is a very strong connection between Pseudomonas Putida and Collembola (the Microarthropod).
The Gut of the Soil Microarthropod Folsomia candida (Collembola) Is a Frequently Changeable but Selective Habitat and a Vector for Microorganisms
A total of 11 different taxonomic bacterial groups and the filamentous fungus Acremonium charticola were isolated from the guts of five F. candida (Collembola) specimens. The most abundant isolate was related to Erwinia amylovora (96.2% DNA sequence similarity to its 16S rRNA gene). F. candida (Collembola) preferred to feed on Pseudomonas putida and three indigenous gut isolates rather than eight different type culture strains.
Interestingly enough somebody has actually researched this and found out that out of all the soil bacteria available to Collembola they actually prefer to feed on Pseudomonas Putida.
So, to review at this point we have a group of people suffering, being told it’s all “in their head” only later to find out they were infected with Collembola after all. Then we have Dr. Wymore’s interview stating he cultured Pseudomonas Putida directly from Morgellons fibers. And finally, we have the scientific work above identifying Pseudomonas Putida as the favorite food of the Microarthropod Collembola. It would seem the skin and body of the Morgellons sufferer has become like a rotting log, or the very least as favorable a home to both soil bacteria and soil based pests that they are both perfectly at home living in us.
If that was all of the information we had to link these two culprits together that would be interesting enough, however, we are only getting started, there is much more evidence.
More on the Dr. Wymore Interview
Near the end of the interview Dr. Wymore makes this statement
I feel that springtails can be eliminated. The primers for the stretch of sprintail DNA will amplify a specific gene from over a thousand species of Collembola and yet we can never amplify this DNA from fibers, scabs, dried skin or callous material.
Even if the Collembola had been in contact with the scabs or the fibers it is likely they would have shed a few cells and that should be enough to amplify the Collembola DNA. Since that hasn’t happened, I consider it unlikely that Collembola are the cause of most of the Morgellons symptoms. Also, none of the Collembola proponents have explained to me where the fibers are coming from or why the neurological effects would make any sense from a Collembola infestation.
Now, the mere fact that Dr. Wymore couldn’t find any Collembola DNA doesn’t surprise me as I think that it would be a very difficult task indeed. The Oklahoma (NPA) study went to great lengths just to identify “whole” Collembola that were lying around in their skin scrapings, in fact, they were initially all overlooked, but later found.
But let’s go down the fiber path now. Dr. Wymore raises a good point, what connection could there be?
Here is a quote from “Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria Formulations and its Scope in Commercialization for the Management of Pests and Diseases”
The export oriented agricultural and horticultural crops depends on the export of residue free produce and has created a great potential and demand for the incorporation of biopesticides in crop protection. To ensure the sustained availability of biocontrol agent’s mass production technique and formulation development protocols has to be standardized to increase the shelf life of the formulation. It facilitates the industries to involve in commercial production of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR). PGPR with wide scope for commercialization includes Pseudomonas fluorescens, P. putida, P. aeruginosa, Bacillus subtilis and other Bacillus spp. The potential PGPR isolates are formulated using different organic and inorganic carriers either through solid or liquid fermentation technologies. They are delivered either through seed treatment, bio-priming, seedling dip, soil application, foliar spray, fruit spray, hive insert, sucker treatment and sett treatment. Application of PGPR formulations with strain mixtures perform better than individual strains for the management of pest and diseases of crop plants, in addition to plant growth promotion. Supplementation of chitin in the formulation increases the efficacy of antagonists. More than 33 products of PGPR have been registered for commercial use in greenhouse and field in North America. Though PGPR has a potential scope in commercialization, the threat of certain PGPR (P. aeruginosa, P. cepacia and B. cereus) to infect human beings as opportunistic pathogens has to be clarified before large scale acceptance, registration and adoption of PGPR for pest and disease management.
Interestingly, Pseudomonas Putida is one of the core building blocks in Genetically Modified (GM) Agriculture applications, including Pseudomonas fluorescens which is fluourescent. And finally, a new player in our post thus far, Bacillus Subtillus.
This is also a very interesting bacteria, it can actually provide an incredible boost the human immune system (I would never take soil bacteria into my body, I suggest you avoid all supplements that do). You might want to take a quick look at this article “The Bacillus Subtilis Story” and I think you will be quite shocked, an amazing story if true. This could certainly trigger some type of auto-immune response in humans.
"So the Nazis began carefully examining fresh camel and horse dung. What they discovered was that it was teeming with a powerful bacterial microorganism which later came to be called Bacillus subtilis. This bacteria, it turned out, is so strong that it practically cannibalizes all harmful microorganisms in the human body — particularly pathogenic bacteria like the virulent strain which was causing dysentery in the German troops."
But the immune building powers of Bacillus Subtillus is just an interesting side story that might play some role in our disease. The real reason we want to take a look at Bacillus Subtillus is its ability to grow living, moving fibers. Yes, bacteria growing fibers that move, writhe, and wriggle. I imagine this would feel quite strange under the skin as well. Let’s take a look at the work of Mendelson.
Motions caused by the growth of Bacillus subtilis macrofibres in fluid medium result in new forms of movement of the multicellular structures over solid surfaces
A terminal loop rolling over a glass surface
Dual view images of a large ball structure perching on ‘legs’ and being moved by contact of the large peripheral fibres that originate at the periphery of the ball (supplementary data to Fig. 8)
Very interesting, we have a bacteria that can actually grow fibers. The movement is actually due to the growth of the bacteria. Interestingly, many Morgellons sufferers talking about their fibers moving but they stop moving within at least 2o minutes after being removed from the body. Is this because they have been removed from their food source? Finally, Bacillus Subtillus is being used in PGPR’s (Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria) in the United States and they also contain Pseudomonas fluorescens, Pseudomonas putida.
So, to answer Dr. Wymores question “What do the fibers have to do with Collembola?” the answer is probably nothing. But I am suggesting that a person with Morgellons has been exposed to a combination of bacteria, that has taken hold in his body, and this is something not meant to be in the human body. But nonetheless, if true, these new GMO concoctions might have taken to their new human hosts quite well, bringing with them their common predators such as Collembola and other “critters”.
I’m not saying the fibers are definitely Bacillus Subtillus, but then, who knows how soil bacteria and plant bacteria are going to react in the human body.
Pseudomonas Putida – The Plastic Maker
These little bacteria when tweaked with a gene or two from various creatures can do some pretty amazing things. One of them is to turn toxic oils spills into biodegradable plastic. From the article Bacteria Eating Up Oil Spills and Producing Biodegradable Plastic. Here is a quote from the article:
Kevin O’Connor and his colleagues produced a chemical cocktail made up of more than 80 percent styrene oil plus low volumes of other toxicants. Frankly, they haven’t expected that their test bacteria, P. putida CA-3, a special strain of a common soil microbe, would do too well.
However, the bacteria managed to turn 64 grams of undistilled styrene oil into nearly 3 grams of additional bacteria. In the process, the bacteria also produced 1.6 grams of a biodegradable plastic called polyhydroxyalkanoates, or PHA. The PHA is already used to make everything from forks to vitamins.
We cannot yet say that this bacterium literally changes an environmental problem into a beneficial substance because it also produces some amounts of other toxic byproducts such as toluene. Nevertheless, it is a good start.
If you really want to explore this subject hit this Google Query. But Pseudomonas Putida can do more than make things out of oil spills, it can also be fed glucose, something readily found in the human body and again the byproduct is tolene, see Production of toluene cis-glycol by Pseudomonas putida in glucose feb-batch culture.
While I have purposely strayed away from some of the bizarre things going on inside a Morgellons sufferer’s body, one of them (not in everyone however) is that hard plastic bits are forced up out of the skin, sometimes large pieces of white plastic. In fact, I have seen rather large chunks coming out of peoples lips, faces and so on, quite strange yes, but impossible? No, not at all. In fact, this is often a large part of what a Morgellons sufferer goes through.
More on the Chemical Toluene
Here is the wikipedia information Toluene.
Toluene, also known as methylbenzene or phenylmethane, is a clear, water-insoluble liquid with the typical smell of paint thinners, redolent of the sweet smell of the related compound benzene. It is a very toxic substance and as the wikipedia information states, “As toluene has very low water solubility, it cannot exit the body via the normal routes (urine, feces, or sweat). It must be metabolized in order to be excreted.”
Why all the talk of Toluene? Well, this is another thing that has often showed up in the bloodwork of Morgellons patients. I have been told directly by many person who have had extensive toxicology tests done that high levels of Toluene and related compounds were found in their blood work. Some of these people told me they were patients of Dr. Hildegarde Staninger as she often has extensive lab tests done in order to try to figure out what might be going on within a persons body. In fact, it was other Morgellons sufferers reporting this to me that helped me to really begin to put things together.
Morgellons in France During the 1600’s
Many might not be aware of where the term Morgellons actually comes from. As it turns out the name was adopted from the Morgellons of the 1600’s in France. Yes, that long ago. Whether or not our Morgellons and what they were dealing with at that time are the same I do not know, but they were similar enough that the name has been applied to us.
However, and I think this is very important, none of the evidence I have conveyed above precludes this theory from it also being the cause of Morgellons in the 1600’s. Pseudomonas Putida is a common soil bacterium, Collembola have lived for eons and Putida is like ringing the dinner bell for them. The only difference between Morgellons now and then is our wide spread use in agriculture of the main players as listed above. Morgellons is now world wide. And if what I have stated above is true its being used in our food supply, being sprayed aerially, and being used readily. It is quite possibly that during the 1600’s persons became infected with Putida, this requires no extraordinary act.
This is not the end of the story, no, not by a long shot, this is only Part One. We didn’t talk about Pseudomonas fluorescens which has the ability to fluoresce which many Morgellons sufferers, including myself, have witnessed. I would like to thank Dr. Wymore for his work and posting the interview which sparked my investigation into this line of enquiry.
I would also like to thank Trisha Springstead for her effort in our cause. Trisha is a former surgical charge nurse and clinical educator who now works as an advocate for patient’s rights. You can read a recent interview by her here:
Morgellons: Expert Says Awareness and Early Treatment are Paramount
I would also like to post a small quote Trisha made that I am in total agreement with.
I took slides to my friend who is an entomologist and we found fungal hyphae, alternarium, and pathogenic funguses on the slides. These are not things that grow in humans. They are organisms that grow in plants. So the human bodies of these sufferers are becoming like soil and what does that attract? Fungus, mold and parasites.
Cheers and Jeers
Cheers to Trisha, She gets it. Jeers to those inside our own community who try to control who researches Morgellons and the smear campaigns they wage against fellow researchers, and you know who you are.
Finally, a related article on Morgellons can be found here:
Morgellons: Terrifying New Disease Reaching Pandemic Status
I would like to keep the comments open for intelligent discourse, but this isn’t the place to hang out if you want to talk about crazy conspiracy theory’s, chemtrails, aliens, population control theories, or Lyme Disease. If I have to I’ll just turn comments off.