Archive for the ‘Rotifers’ Category

Morgellons and More Cases of Collembola Infesting Man

I really do feel that Collembola do play a role in our itching and crawling sensations. In fact, I believe they are responsible for the majority of my crawling and biting sensations at this point. If I am correct, and I’m not sure I am, are they here to feed on fungi and or bacteria in my body? As I stated in  my very first post “It would seem the skin and body of the Morgellons sufferer has become like a rotting log, or the very least as favorable a home to both soil bacteria and soil based pests that they are both perfectly at home living in us”. However, not covered in this post are the fungi and bacteria that are found in the gut of the Collembola, could they set this whole thing in motion in us? Some are quite pathogenic. Just thinking out loud here.

I have a FIR (Far Infrared) heating pad that I purchased through Dr. Staninger and when I break out in these red pimple like things the FIR heatpad makes them go away and my skin returns to healthy looking very quickly, but it wasn’t cheap, around $350.00 if I recall. I don’t urge you to run out and buy one as it might not do the same for you and I know how much so many of you have already spent on things that haven’t worked. I have been considering lately as to whether or not the heating pad is killing them.

This post is a follow up to my first post regarding Collembola titled “Collembola – A Major Role in Morgellons Despite the Disinformation” and I hope you find this post interesting as well. I have found even more interesting information regarding Collembola. Here is a quote from

They are generally small and some species of Neelidae (Collembola) are among the smallest hexapods in the world at just over 0.2 mm long (about the same size of the period at the end of this sentence) while the largest Collembola are in the family Uchidanuridae which can reach 10 mm in length. Most species live for a year or less, however some live considerably longer and the record for long life in the laboratory is 67 months for a specimen of Pseudosinella decipiens.

Most Collembola feed on the fungi and bacteria found in rotting organic matter but many arboreal (living in trees) and epidaphic (living on the surface of the soil) species also feed on algae. Some feed on other plant materials and in some places particularly Australia Sminthurus viridus is a pest of lucerne crops. A few other species are carnivorous feeding on Nematodes and other Collembola.

Note that above text mentions that some species of Collembola can be as small as .2 mm.  Just so we are clear on things .2 mm is very small, .2 mm = 0.000787 of an inch !!!!! There are an estimated 30,000 to 100,000 undiscovered species of Collembola.



So How Small Can Insects Be Anyway?

fly The smallest insects are fairy flies, which are insects that parasitize other insects’ eggs by laying their eggs inside them. Fairy flies are only 1/5 of a millimeter in length. Many beetles are less than one millimetre in length, and the North American Feather-winged Beetle Nanosella fungi, at 0.25mm, is a serious contender for the title of smallest insect in the world. Other insect orders which contain extremely small members are the Diptera (True Flies) and the Collembola (Springtails). The “feather-winged” beetles and the “battledore-wing fairy flies” are smaller than some species of protozoa (single cell creatures). Megaphragma caribea a hymenopteran parasite from Guadeloupe, measuring out at a huge 0.17 mm long is in contention for the smallest insect.

See for more information. We are talking about flies here that you probably couldn’t see with your naked eye, amazing.


Okay, Back to Collembola

My first post talked about the National Pediculosis Association’s (NPA) study where they identified Collembola in 18 of 20 individuals studied, and also the 1955 cases is Sweden (there were many), and finally the 80 year old Woman in Romania. I would like to thank Sidney, one of our fellow readers and somebody that knows a lot about this subject. She pointed out to me that there were some mistakes in the identification in the samples of the 80 year old woman. She has first hand knowledge of this case.


rotifersSidney stated:


When Neculai removed the Collembola and Rotifers from the body of the 80 year old Romanian woman please bear in mind Neculai was not an entomologist, but a veterinarian pathologist and head of the department of veterinary medicine at his university. This was not a case of “sample contamination.” The Collembola was removed from the Romanian woman’s tissue by a needle aspiration biopsy. The corrections I mentioned in my email refer to the PUPA and LARVAL stage which Collembola do not have. Rotifers were also found within the Romanian woman’s skin (actual photos shown left), along with bundles of fibers.


I didn’t include the pictures of the fibers that Sidney sent to me but suffice it to say they look like our typical fiber bundles. So, some of the images that were put forth as various stages of the adult Collembola on my first post were actually found to be Rotifers.  If you really want to know more about Rotifers see this article “Epizoic and parasitic rotifers”. There is a interesting quote from the parasitic rotifer article (but you should click on the link and read the entire abstract).


There appear to be few records of epizoic or parasitic rotifers among vertebrates, apart from Encentrum kozminskii on carp, Limnias ceratophylli on the Amazonian crocodile, Melanosuchus niger, and an unidentified Bdelloid apparently living as a pathogenic rotifer in Man.

So, I’ll bet you can sense yet another blog post coming on Rotifers in the future and you would be correct, but for this post we are going to stay on the topic of Collembola.


More Cases of Human Collembola Infestation

collembola1 Let’s start with Dr. Omar, M. Amin, Ph.D., founder of PCI, who is a Professor of Parasitology and who works with something he calls Neuro-cutaneous Syndrome (NCS) which to me at least, seems to be exactly the same thing as Morgellons, though he might differ with me on that. The photo shown on the left is of a springtial (Collembola) that was taken from an actual patient. If you really want to dive into some of Dr. Amin’s information see this PAGE and follow the links on NCS. And if you hit this PAGE look at Table #2 and notice how many were documented to have springtails (another name for Collembola).

Here is a quote regarding the Collembola shown above from Dr. Amin’s site.


Scalp lesions also occur in patients with neurological symptoms and are usually associated with arthropod infestation.  JH (a tall, healthy, well-nourished, middle aged white American female from Arizona) had a number of such lesions (Fig. 4) from which springtails (Collembola: Insecta: Arthropoda) (Fig. 5) were collected by myself in December, 1995.  There is only two other published reports of springtails from humans (Hunter et al., 1960; Scott et al., 1962).


Very interesting. Dr. Amin mentions that there are only two other published reports of springtails in humans. However, he doesn’t mention any of the cases in my first blog post, nor did I mention the cases he is referring to (Hunter et al., 1960; Scott et al., 1962). But as you are about to find out, we are just getting started. We are very grateful for your work Dr. Amin, you provide an amazing amount of information to aid in our search on your site.


Collembola causing itching, biting, irritation, and papules …

Pescott, R.T.M. (1942:68-69) Australia:
“In 1939, specimens of springtails were received from a Melbourne specialist who stated that they were causing skin troubles on a female patient. The insect in question was the species Entomobrya multifasciata Tull., a European species originally described in 1871, but which is now cosmopolitan in its distribution. Womersley (3) records it as being common in cultivated areas in the Australian States. The symptoms of this case were as follows : the patient experienced a sharp biting sensation, followed by intolerable itching. There were few marks on the body with an occasional excoriated papule, while the irritation was distributed fairly generally over the trunk and limbs, but was most marked around the waist. Several specimens of the insect responsible for the condition were found on the patient’s body. She received no active treatment, but her clothes and bedclothes were sterilised and this was sufficient to destroy the insect and thereby remove the irritation.
On considering the origin of this infection, it appeared that the patient had recently moved into a new house where the garden was in the process of being made. The insects had apparently migrated to the patient when the grass, weeds and soil outside were disturbed.”

“In 1941, specimens of another springtail were received from a military hospital in Victoria, where skin irritations were occuring among the nursing staff. The species concerned was Entomobrya tenuicauda Schott., a native insect originally described in 1917 from Queensland, later recorded by Womersley (3) from Western Australia and Tasmania, and now from Victoria. In this instance, the presence of the insect produced on several nurses raised lumps very similar to mosquito bites, and which later were very irritable. In one instance there was also a good deal of reddening of the calf of the leg. These conditions lasted for somewhat less than twenty-four hours in each case, but reoccurred the next day, probably from more ‘bites’. On analyzing this case, it appears certain that the insects were introduced into the hospital with flowers, and from there moved on the affected nurses during their normal routine duties.”

Womersley suggested that the easily detached, long ciliated hairs of Entomobrya species undoubtedly would cause skin irritations.  Pescott concludes that severe skin irritation can be caused by certain species of Collembola: “Typical symptoms are a biting sensation, followed by intense irritation and the production of small pimple-like bodies.

Mackie, T.T., Hunter, G.W. & Brooke Worth, C. (1945:541-542) Australia:
“The Collembola are primarily phytophagous and are not usually thought of as medically important insects. Two Australian species, however, Entomobrya multifasciata Tullb. and E. tenuicauda Schott have recently been recorded as attacking man, the patients complaining of a sharp, biting sensation followed by irritation and papules similar to mosquito bites, with pruritus.”

Cited from Scott, H.G., Wiseman, J.S. & Stojanovich, C.J. (1962:430):
Entomobrya nivalis (cosmopolitan) and Entomobrya tenuicauda (Australasian) have been reported as causing a pruritic dermatitis in man.”

Cited from Ebeling, W. (1975):
“They [Collembola] have never been incriminated in the transmission of any human disease, but Entomobrya nivalis L., a cosmopolitan species, has been reported to cause an itching type of dermatitis in man, …”

Martini, M. (1952:354) cited from Bryk, F. (1955:1824) :
“Very discomforting mosquito-like skin irritations attributable to collembolans of the genus Entomobrya attempting to bite. ”

Mertens, J. in Christiansen, K. (1998 in 2001:in litt.) Belgium:
” Several years ago our Faculty of Medicine once offered me ‘strange small insects’, which were considered as being responsible for causing allergic reactions on the skin of a woman. Those insects were Seira domestica. I could prove that the scales of Seira on the cushioned seats caused the allergy. As you know, Lepidocyrtus, has scales too. ”

Mertens, J. (2004:in litt.) Belgium:
“In 1976 (or 1977), our Faculty of Medicine was puzzled by a rare case of skin allergy in a woman, living near Ghent. The allergy was caused by the scales of Seira domestica on a cushion of a rotan chair. Whenever the woman used the rotan chair, the allergic skin response occured (and only then). The chair was located in the veranda, which was quite moisty and where the temperature was enjoyable. It turned out that the hollow rotan branches of the chair hosted a population of Seira domestica. During the night, they left their hiding place and crawled all over the chair. The cushion collected many of the lost scales, causing as such the allergic reaction.”

Scott, H.G., Wiseman, J.S. & Stojanovich, C.J. (1962:430) Texas:
“Springtail insects (Orchesella albosa Guthrie, 1903, forma ainslieri Folsom, 1924) were found infesting the heads and pubic areas of a family in Buffalo, Leon County, Texas, in June 1961. No dermatitis was reported due to this infestation, and the source of the insects was not determined. Based upon known habits of this species, some moldy household item (perhaps bedding) was probably involved. Orchesella albosa has never before been reported infesting man or houses. Its chewing mouthparts are probably not capable of biting man.


At this point I’m going to stop referencing cases. There are many, many more on the following links at the end of this post that you will find extremely interesting. I wish I had time to do this post justice but I’m so busy just trying to be a dad, hold down a job, and stay well. However, if anyone is interested in finding out if Collembola can infest human beings the answer is on this post and in the following links.

One could make the argument, okay, so maybe you could dig up 30 or 40 cases of springtails in human tissue using the links below, but that’s not very many. And I would answer that with “Yes, but who is looking? We are told we are DOP without so much as an examination”


References (there is a wealth of case history on these links)

If you take the time to look at these links, especially the first two you will begin to realize there are a lot of references of human infestation of springtails (Collembola) in man. As as referred to above in the medical literature the patient experienced a sharp biting sensation, followed by intolerable itching. There were few marks on the body with an occasional excoriated papule, while the irritation was distributed fairly generally over the trunk and limbs it sure sounds a lot like us.


FOOTNOTE:  Dental Products Causing Neuro-Cutaneous Syndrome (NCS) Symptoms in NCS Patients


The toxic ingredients common to all belong in four major categories: Zinc Oxide, Ethyltoluene Sulfonamide (especially in patients with allergy to sulfa and toluene)

Dr. Amin feels strongly apparently that Toluene plays a major role in NCS and if you look at his site I don’t care what we call it, NCS and Morgellons exhibit the same exact symptoms. Most people when they think of removing fillings think of “Mercury Fillings” but the kind Dr. Amin is refers to here are the newer kind. You know, the new white ones that weren’t supposed to be bad for us, sigh …  I’ll be honest, I had quite a bit of dental work done before this all started, crowns and fillings and alike, all the new ceramic type too.